Annotation. With the development of the information society, video games for personal computers and consoles, as well as mobile games for smartphones and tablets over the past couple of decades have become a part of the life of most people. The degree of realism and the breadth of possibilities in individual game genres have reached a high level of technical performance. First of all, this of course applies to life simulators, the most famous and popular of which is The Sims game series – over 20 million copies have been sold in 20 years. Тo date, the games in the series are the object of research by Russian and foreign scientists and are devoted to the development of foreign language skills during the game, problems of social interactions and practices, the use of game tools to visualize architectural objects etc. The article presents the results of an empirical study of the social features of the simulation of the city, housing and neighborhood relations in the last three games of the series, carries out by content analysis of messages on the largest Russian forum dedicated to the Sims games series. The comparison of the features of the game simulation with real living conditions of people in suburban residential buildings and apartment building in a metropolis was carried out. The presence in the world of a game of real neighborly practices, social institutions, housing inequality and limitations of life in metropolis was revealed. The existence of isomorphism, the interpenetration of real housing practices and the virtual world of The Sims series was noted.
Keywords: housing sociology, dwelling, residential house, multi-apartment building, neighborhood, PC game, social simulation, life simulator, The Sims
Annotation. Housing construction and improvement of housing conditions in the Novosibirsk territory is one of the priority areas for the development of the region, the center of which is the metropolis of Novosibirsk. The article presents an analysis of socio-economic changes in the morphology of the residential environment of the Novosibirsk region and the city of Novosibirsk in 2005–2019. The results of versatile, often interdisciplinary research by sociologists, economists and architects on various aspects of urban planning and housing policy were summarized. In the course of the study, the following main methods were used: sociological, economic and comparative method, generalization, as well as methods of data collection and processing, analysis of regulatory materials, graphic method. A comparative dynamic analysis was carried out on the time period mainly 2008–2018. The official data of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation, state housing programs, analytical materials and reports of various organizations were used. As a result of the study, the features of housing construction and the acquisition of housing on the Novosibirsk real estate market were identified. Particular attention was paid to issues of high-rise buildings. Conclusions are made about a significant improvement in the living conditions of the population and the achievement of the goals of housing programs in force in the region. There was a dissonance between the inaccessibility of high-quality housing in the city of Novosibirsk and the increase in the ability of citizens to buy cheap small-sized housing in less well-maintained areas of the city, which does not allow overcoming the color disorganization and making the structure of its living environment uniform. The results can be used to conduct further theoretical and empirical studies in the field of real estate economics, housing and urban sociology, as well as in the framework of improving the housing policy of the region.
Keywords: residential environment, housing sector, housing construction, housing conditions, housing stock, housing market, housing affordability, Novosibirsk region, Novosibirsk city
Annotation. The article reflects the results of a scientific and creative search for Russian research in the field of such a branch of sociological knowledge as housing sociology (sociology of housing). During the study dissertations and articles of Russian sociologists in electronic scientific libraries were analyzed, as well as available literature on the sociology of housing in Russian online bookstores. Library classifiers (UDC, LBC) were studied for the presence of housing sociology. The structure of national and international sociological associations was examined in order to identify specialized scientific committees and groups, as well as topics of well-known Russian conferences on sociology.
Keywords: housing sociology, sociology of housing, sociology of home, sociology of dwelling
Annotation. A person spends a significant part of his time within the walls of his house, and the way he perceives his home, what function it performs for him, leaves an imprint on his life as a whole. This understanding becomes even more important in a pandemic (e.g. coronavirus). Despite the high degree of desacralization of the modern world, religious subtext continues to play a significant role in the perception of the surrounding reality. The article discusses the sociological aspects of studying housing in the religions that have the majority of followers around the world – Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism. Guided not by a substantial, but by a functional understanding of religion, parallels are drawn between the religious concepts of housing and sociological approaches to its study. As a result, applying the classification of E. Durkheim, it is concluded that in Christianity and Islam the physiological interpretation of the housing as a social fact prevails, while in Hinduism (Vastu Shastra teachings) and Buddhism (Tibetan geomancy Sa Che) it is morphological.
Keywords: housing sociology, sociology of religion, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, home, house
Annotation. Housing and communal services of the Russian Federation is an object of research of various social sciences – jurisprudence, regional studies, economics. To a lesser extent, processes and phenomena in the sphere of the Russian housing and communal services are studied by sociologists, despite the existence of a special industry – housing sociology (sociology of housing, sociology of home), which is actively developed by foreign researchers and scientific communities. At the present stage of housing research, the underestimation of sociological tools to study housing and communal problems in Russia is seen. The article takes an attempt to apply such tools (the law of separation of functions and specialization, the Thomas theorem and its consequences, the Sapir-Whorf linguistic relativity hypothesis, the law of elevation of needs, the Wilson-Kelling theory of broken windows, law of intellectual development, the Rex-Moore concept of housing classes etc.) to the analysis of condominiums management processes in Russia and analyze the results of the application of these laws. Guided by the methodological principle of Occam's razor, a conclusion is drawn about the sufficient practicality of such scientific tools for the study of housing and communal services in Russia.
Keywords: housing sociology; housing and communal services; condominium; management organization; social law; Thomas theorem; Sapir–Whorf hypothesis; broken windows theory; housing class; Dunbar’s number
Annotation. The privatization of housing in Russia almost 30 years ago has led to the emergence of a new social class - owners of shared property in condominiums, who, through participation in general meetings, manage this property and decide on its use. The article presents the results of a sociological study of the factors affecting the participation of owners of residential premises in condominiums in general meetings. The frequency of owners' participation in general meetings, in various associations of owners (council of a house, etc.) and in public events (community work days, etc.) as well as the acquaintance of the owners with their neighbors was revealed. The influence of socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge of housing legislation, the quality of service of a condominium, the management method and the presence of house council on the participation of owners in general meetings were evaluated. It was also analyzed the influence on the participation of owners in general meetings of the desire to have an apartment in a particular house and the desire to sell it; type (quality) of a condominium in which there is an apartment; period and method of obtaining an apartment; attitude of the owner to his apartment. Parallels are drawn with the few available sociological studies on this issue. The profile of the responsible owner and the image of the apartment building where such owners live have been formed. Based on the results of the study, recommendations are offered on improving housing policy, education and housing legislation of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: sociology of housing, housing law, housing and utilities, condominium, owner of premises, general meeting, shared property
Annotation. The article presents an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the problem of human behavior, including from the standpoint of behavioral economics. The considered model of irrational economic behavior means that a person makes decisions under the influence of psychological and other factors. The manifestation and form of such behavior is consumerism, which includes the pathological accumulation of unnecessary things and pets by residents of apartment buildings in Russian cities. The socio-legal preconditions for this insufficiently studied psychosocial phenomenon in the country are analyzed.
Keywords: behavioral economics, irrational behavior, consumerism, psychological factors, pathological hoarding, housing, socio-economic system
Annotation. Consumerism is an inherent feature of a modern consumer-minded society which enhances in some people both a hunger for collecting and a more serious desire developing into oniomania (shopping mania, shopaholism), kleptomania or pathological hoarding (syllogomania, Diogenes syndrome, Plyushkin’s syndrome). The paper proposes an interdisciplinary approach to the problem of pathological hoarding of unnecessary things and domestic animals by tenants of condominiums in Russian cities. Socio-legal prerequisites for this psychosocial disease still insufficiently studied in the country are also analyzed in the paper. The data of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation and various legal acts were examined. In the course of the study, methods of quality content analysis and visual sociology were used to analyze cases of pathological hoarding highlighted in Russian digital media in recent years. The Clutter-Hoarding Scale and Clutter Image Rating Scale were used to interpret photos of cluttered Russian flats in condos. In conclusion, recommendations are given on improving state policy and the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: Russian legislation, condominium, pathological hoarding, animal hoarding, municipal solid waste, animal control
Annotation. The article analyzes the dynamics of the use of mobile communications and instant messengers in the Russian Federation and discusses the legal features of the use of instant messengers in the management of condominiums by managing organizations and homeowners associations when dealing with requests, appeals and applications from residents. Recommendations are given for improving housing law in terms of informatization of the process of interaction with homeowners.
Keywords: informatization, mobile communications, messenger, condominium, managing organization, homeowner’s association, housing law