Annotation. V.A. Yadov discussing the methods of documentary analysis noted that «the sociologist should show remarkable ingenuity in search of suitable documents, sometimes very unexpected ». It was difficult to disagree with this, especially if it was an analysis of documents related to the activities of managing organizations and homeowners’ associations in order to study problems in the field of housing sociology. However, at the current stage of regional informatization and the development of housing and communal services in the Russian Federation, we can talk about increasing the transparency of the entire industry, which gave access to an unlimited circle of people to documents and information on managing condominiums, which at the moment can be the subject of empirical sociological research.
Keywords: sociology of housing, condominium, document analysis, secondary data analysis
Annotation. The article presents the results of an interdisciplinary study of formal social institutions in the management of condominiums, carried out by analyzing official documents – the protocols of general meetings of owners of premises in apartment buildings in Novosibirsk. The analysis of the protocols was carried out according to such parameters of general meetings as role decomposition (initiators, chairman and secretary, counting committee), spatio-temporal parameters (location and form, frequency and duration, place of collection and storage of documents), eligibility (quorum) and problematics (agenda). As a result, the study revealed the features and trends of general meetings of two different groups of condominiums by the Dunbar number – small, medium and multistorey (up to 150 apartments) and high-rise (more than 150 apartments).
Keywords: condominium, general meeting, shared property, analysis of official documents, protocol, formal social institution
Annotation. The article addresses the problem of urban growth through the construction of high-rise apartment buildings in Russia and in the world, affecting the psychosocial well-being of its residents, which is a prerequisite for the appearance of various phobias (including acrophobia, domatophobia), as well as suicide attempts. The results of socio-psychological studies conducted in Russia, the USA, China and Japan were comprehended. The data of the Council on Tall Buildings and the Urban Environment, the World Health Organization and the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation (the rate of commissioning of the total area of residential buildings by number of storeys, the number of industrial accidents from falling from a height, as well as the number of injuries with uncertain intentions through falls, jumps or collisions from a height) were analyzed. Measures for the prevention of suicide by jumping from a height based on world practice were considered.
Keywords: urban sociology, housing sociology, high-rise apartment building, skyscraper, psychosocial well-being, accident, suicide, falling from height, jump from height
Annotation. An apartment building is often considered as a product of the urbanization of modern society and is the object of research in such special branches of sociological knowledge as urban sociology, sociology of architecture and housing sociology. The processes of urbanization today cover most developed and developing countries around the world, and the proportion of the urban population living in apartment buildings (including condominiums, apartments, etc.) is growing steadily every year. Of particular interest to housing sociology are the social prerequisites, patterns and trends in the development of multi-storey housing construction, which is the object of this study. The article presents a historical and sociological analysis of the evolution of the construction of multi-storey residential buildings from the era of ancient States to the modern stage. The theoretical basis of the research is both the works of the authors in the field of urban sociology, and one of the most significant publications in the existing special literature "General history of architecture" in 12 volumes. The empirical base of the research is data from the Federal state statistics service of the Russian Federation, as well as data from the Council on high-rise buildings and the urban environment, published on the electronic resource The Skyscraper Center. The study concluded that the process of urbanization, which is expressed in the development of construction of multi-storey residential buildings, began long before the modern stage of development of society - in the Ancient world. Social patterns (overpopulation of cities, development of capitalist relations, etc.) and modern trends (high-rise construction, "smart" houses, etc.) of the evolution of the construction of apartment buildings were identified.
Keywords: urban sociology, sociology of architecture, sociology of housing, urbanization, housing construction, housing inequality, home, profitable house, multi-storey residential building, apartment house
Annotation. Sociology of housing (sociology of dwelling, sociology of home) is a branch of sociology, the central category of which is housing. The article explores a theoretical reflection on the concepts of the house and home, habitation and dwelling. They were analyzed by scholars belonging to different scientific schools and paradigms: O. Comte, E. Durkheim, M. Mauss, M. Halbwachs, P. Bourdieu, H. Spencer, A.R. Radcliffe-Brown, B. Malinowski, Z. Bauman, A. Giddens, K. Marx, F. Tönnies, M. Weber, G. Simmel, W. Sombart, K. Mannheim, M. Horkheimer, Th. Adorno, A. Schütz, P. Berger, Th. Luckmann, N. Luhmann, N. Elias, T. Parsons, R. Merton, Th. Veblen, Ch.H. Cooley, P. Sorokin. The study reveals a wide variety of theoretical approaches to housing, however, the very interpretation of housing and the identification of its functional properties allow us to talk about a certain commonality of approaches of various authors. Based on the existing classifications of approaches to the study of housing, five main areas in the work of the classics of sociology were identified: family life in the home-group; privacy and security of home; housing luxury and inequality; dichotomy “home-work”; housing and architecture. The dual approaches to understanding the housing were analyzed allowing to distinguish between the subject areas of the sociology of architecture and housing sociology. The results of this study delineate the subject of housing sociology and trace its development as a separate industry along with the sociology of architecture and the urban sociology.
Keywords: sociology of housing, dwelling, habitation, house, home, home-group
Annotation. The article presents an analysis of sanitary and anti-epidemiological measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus infection (COVID-19) by organizations engaged in entrepreneurial management of condominiums in the Russian Federation. Statistical indicators of the distribution of COVID-19 (incidence and mortality) in Russia and in the world, the legal framework for ensuring a favorable and safe residence of tenants in condominiums and emerging trends in the housing and communal services market, actively covered in the Russian media, are examined. It is suggested that during the period of active struggle against the spread of coronavirus infection in Russia, one of the key roles will be played by the managing organizations, whose activities should also be aimed at maintaining the health of citizens and the well-being of the population as a whole in a pandemic.
Keywords: condominium, management organization, sanitary and anti-epidemiological measures, well-being of people, health of citizens, pandemic, quarantine, self-isolation, coronavirus, COVID-19