Annotation. The article analyzes economic and legal features of condominium management in the Russian Federation and in the Republic of Belarus. A statistical analysis of the dynamics of putting into operation residential buildings, the number of apartments as well as their average size from 2010 to 2018 according to the state statistics authorities is given. A comparative analysis of the modern housing legislation of Russia and Belarus is carried out according to criteria such as how to manage condominiums, the structure of the housing maintenance fee, tariff policy, etc. The key problems of managing condominiums in Russia are identified, which were managed to be circumvented in Belarus by regulating housing maintenance tariffs at the state level, as well as the abolition of such a management method as the managing organization.
Keywords: housing and communal services, housing law, condominium, shared property, general meeting
Annotation. The paper addresses the problem of refusal of owners of residential property in Russian condominiums from taking part in general meetings on issues relating to maintenance and use of shared property. The situation of organizations providing management of condominiums under conditions when the consumer determines the cost of maintenance and services is analyzed. In the course of analysis of secondary data (State statistics of the Russian Federation, results of the All-Russian sociological research “Awareness of Russian Citizens of the Housing and Public Utilities Reform” conducted by the All-Russia Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) in June 2019 and the results of the psychological research “Dormitory Density and Helping Behavior” conducted by Bickman L. and Teger A. in the USA) the authors propose a number of hypotheses which require further discussion and confirmation. The first hypothesis is related to the influence of the size of a condominium (number of apartments, floors and porches) on the refusal of owners to participate in general meetings. The second hypothesis involves the use of such an adaptive model as Beyond Budgeting (the twelve principles of which were formulated by Hope J. and Fraser P.) in the management of condominiums in order to circumvent the current restrictions on the housing and communal services market in Russia.
Keywords: urban sociology, sociology of housing, condominium, shared property, general meeting, beyond budgeting
Annotation. One of the areas of business activity in the housing and communal services market in Russia is condominium management. Managing organizations annually face diffi-culties in changing the amount of fees for the maintenance and repair of shared prop-erty in view of the fact that consumers determine the volume and cost of services in the condominium management market, and the government actually regulates their quality regardless of the budget for managing a single apartment building.
Keywords: housing and communal services, condominium, managing organization, shared property, general meeting
Annotation. The article discusses the principles of Beyond Budgeting proposed by J. Hope and R. Fraser and analyzes the main results of their application (reduction of receivables and payables, reduction in the number of inspections of control and oversight bodies and fines) in the management of condominiums of the Management Organization “Mayak”, LLC in the city of Novosibirsk for the period 2016–2018.
Keywords: condominium, management company, Beyond Budgeting
Annotation. The Constitution is the main law of the country, which has the highest legal force. The article deals with the constitutional and legal norms regulating housing relations in the Russian Federation. A comparative analysis of the relevant norms of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in 1993 and 2020, as well as the Constitution of the USSR is given. Particular attention is paid to the unedited amendment to the Constitution of the Russian Federation in 2020 to limit the maximum amount of payments for housing and communal services. Failure to adopt such an amendment will contribute to a further increase in household debt for housing and communal services. The study was conducted on the basis of data from the Federal state statistics service of the Russian Federation, as well as officially published legal acts.
Keywords: Russian Federation, USSR, constitution, main law, constitutional and legal norms, housing, housing law
Annotation. The article discusses the legal, socio-economic, as well as cultural prerequisites and consequences of the adoption of Federal Law No. 145-FZ dated April 24, 2020, which approved restrictions on the retail sale of alcohol in the premises of an apartment building and in the adjacent territory. A contradiction was revealed between the tasks of housing and communal reform in Russia, the norms of housing legislation and the provisions of 145-FZ. It is concluded that the consequences will affect not only residents of apartment buildings, but also all industry participants - manufacturers, sellers and primarily low-alcohol products consumers (in particular craft beer) as well as beer tourists.
Keywords: housing legislation, alcohol trade, low-alcohol products, craft beer, apartment building, homeowners
Annotation. The adoption of almost any federal law in the Russian Federation has its own socio-cultural consequences, regardless of its approval by civil society. The consequences of the adoption on December 29, 2017 of a Federal Law No. 462-FZ were quite controversial – and require further study by specialists in the field of law, as well as in the field of social conflicts.
Keywords: housing sociology, housing law, condominium, social conflict, social model of disability
Annotation. One of the trends in modern urbanization is the active development of condominiums in urban spaces. The article proposes an approach to the study of condominium residents as a social multitude, the basis of cohesion of which in Russia is shared property, on the use and maintenance of which the owners together show their electoral will at general meetings.
Keywords: urban sociology, sociology of housing, condominium, social multitude, shared property, general meeting
Annotation. One of the processes of modern urbanization is the active development of urban spaces by high-rise condominiums, which in the Russian media have been defined as “human anthill” with clearly negative connotations. Such definition is not correct from the perspective of sociology of Zinoviev A. A., author of this term.
Keywords: sociology of housing, condominium, human anthill, Zinoviev
Annotation. The article provides a brief overview of the views and theoretical approaches in the works “The System of Objects” (“Le système des objets”), “The Consumer Society” (“La société de consommation”), “Symbolic Exchange and Death” (“L’échange symbolique et la mort”), “Simulacra and Simulation” (“Simulacres et simulation”) of the French sociologist and postmodern philosopher J. Baudrillard to the study of processes and phenomena that are in the subject area of special field of sociological knowledge – sociology of housing. The critical and often radical reflections of J. Baudrillard about the house and family, the second and third dwellings, the role of things and animals in the home environment, the relationship of home and car, the dichotomy of the home and private, etc. which make a significant contribution to understanding the phenomena and processes occurring in a contemporary urbanized postmodern society were analyzed.
Keywords: sociology of housing, dwelling, real estate, home furnishings, the system of objects, pets, Jean Baudrillard
Annotation. The article puts forward a hypothesis about the influence of the size of a condominium (the number of entrances, floors and apartments) on the participation of property owners in general meetings in Russia, based on the results of the study “Dormitory Density and Helping Behavior”, conducted by L. Bickman and A. Teger, as well as on the research results “Co-evolution of neocortex size, group size and language in humans”, conducted by R. Dunbar.
Keywords: sociology of housing, condominium, general meeting, helping behavior, Dunbar’s number
Annotation. The article analyzes the dynamics of the use of mobile communications and instant messengers in the Russian Federation and discusses the legal features of the use of instant messengers in the management of condominiums by managing organizations and homeowners associations when dealing with requests, appeals and applications from residents. Recommendations are given for improving housing law in terms of informatization of the process of interaction with homeowners.
Keywords: informatization, mobile communications, messenger, condominium, managing organization, homeowner’s association, housing law
Annotation. The article presents an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the problem of human behavior, including from the standpoint of behavioral economics. The considered model of irrational economic behavior means that a person makes decisions under the influence of psychological and other factors. The manifestation and form of such behavior is consumerism, which includes the pathological accumulation of unnecessary things and pets by residents of apartment buildings in Russian cities. The socio-legal preconditions for this insufficiently studied psychosocial phenomenon in the country are analyzed.
Keywords: behavioral economics, irrational behavior, consumerism, psychological factors, pathological hoarding, housing, socio-economic system
Annotation. Consumerism is an inherent feature of a modern consumer-minded society which enhances in some people both a hunger for collecting and a more serious desire developing into oniomania (shopping mania, shopaholism), kleptomania or pathological hoarding (syllogomania, Diogenes syndrome, Plyushkin’s syndrome). The paper proposes an interdisciplinary approach to the problem of pathological hoarding of unnecessary things and domestic animals by tenants of condominiums in Russian cities. Socio-legal prerequisites for this psychosocial disease still insufficiently studied in the country are also analyzed in the paper. The data of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation and various legal acts were examined. In the course of the study, methods of quality content analysis and visual sociology were used to analyze cases of pathological hoarding highlighted in Russian digital media in recent years. The Clutter-Hoarding Scale and Clutter Image Rating Scale were used to interpret photos of cluttered Russian flats in condos. In conclusion, recommendations are given on improving state policy and the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: Russian legislation, condominium, pathological hoarding, animal hoarding, municipal solid waste, animal control
Annotation. The article reflects the results of a scientific and creative search for Russian research in the field of such a branch of sociological knowledge as housing sociology (sociology of housing). During the study dissertations and articles of Russian sociologists in electronic scientific libraries were analyzed, as well as available literature on the sociology of housing in Russian online bookstores. Library classifiers (UDC, LBC) were studied for the presence of housing sociology. The structure of national and international sociological associations was examined in order to identify specialized scientific committees and groups, as well as topics of well-known Russian conferences on sociology.
Keywords: housing sociology, sociology of housing, sociology of home, sociology of dwelling
Annotation. The article discusses the sensational decree of the Government of the Kirov region dated 02/04/2021 No. 56-P "On approval of the Rules for the maintenance and protection of pets in the Kirov region" and its role in shaping the idea of pets as new consumers of housing and communal services in Russia. The prerequisites for the approval of such rules and the requirements for the maintenance and protection of pets themselves, based on the Federal Law No. 498-FZ "On the Responsible Treatment of Animals" are analyzed.
Keywords: Russian legislation, housing and utilities, pets, animal rights, animal owners, animal hoarding
Annotation. The article is devoted to the problem of congruence of similar social and legal institutions in Russian society – formal rules for holding general meetings of owners of premises in apartment buildings and the rules provided for by Federal Law No. 54-FZ of June 19, 2004 "On meetings, rallies, demonstrations, processions and picketing". The relevance of the problem under consideration is due to the fact that there are more cases of bringing to administrative responsibility residents of apartment buildings in different cities of Russia who participated in face-to-face meetings in the courtyards of their houses, which is provided for by the Housing Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: social and legal institution, congruence of institutions, formal rules, apartment building, general meeting, rally
Annotation. The article analyzes the stages of development of the social institution of the general meeting of owners of apartment buildings in Russia (1991–2019). Applying the classification of V. M. Polterovich, generalizes the main dysfunctions of the social institution of the general meeting (atrophy, rejection, institutional conflict) as an institution that was not historically formed by evolution, but was introduced by the Russian state in the process of housing privatization. It is concluded that this institution is developing as dysfunctional.
Keywords: housing sociology, apartment building, social institution, general meeting, dysfunction of the institution
Annotation. The article deals with the problem of legal uncertainty in the definition of the concept of an apartment building in Russian legislation. Its social and legal consequences in the context of ownership, disposal and management of common property by owners of premises in apartment buildings are analyzed. Relevant recommendations are given for improving housing legislation.
Keywords: housing law, legal uncertainty, apartment building, condominium, homeowners, common property
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