Annotation. V.A. Yadov discussing the methods of documentary analysis noted that «the sociologist should show remarkable ingenuity in search of suitable documents, sometimes very unexpected ». It was difficult to disagree with this, especially if it was an analysis of documents related to the activities of managing organizations and homeowners’ associations in order to study problems in the field of housing sociology. However, at the current stage of regional informatization and the development of housing and communal services in the Russian Federation, we can talk about increasing the transparency of the entire industry, which gave access to an unlimited circle of people to documents and information on managing condominiums, which at the moment can be the subject of empirical sociological research.
Keywords: sociology of housing, condominium, document analysis, secondary data analysis
Annotation. The article presents the results of an interdisciplinary study of formal social institutions in the management of condominiums, carried out by analyzing official documents – the protocols of general meetings of owners of premises in apartment buildings in Novosibirsk. The analysis of the protocols was carried out according to such parameters of general meetings as role decomposition (initiators, chairman and secretary, counting committee), spatio-temporal parameters (location and form, frequency and duration, place of collection and storage of documents), eligibility (quorum) and problematics (agenda). As a result, the study revealed the features and trends of general meetings of two different groups of condominiums by the Dunbar number – small, medium and multistorey (up to 150 apartments) and high-rise (more than 150 apartments).
Keywords: condominium, general meeting, shared property, analysis of official documents, protocol, formal social institution
Annotation. The article addresses the problem of urban growth through the construction of high-rise apartment buildings in Russia and in the world, affecting the psychosocial well-being of its residents, which is a prerequisite for the appearance of various phobias (including acrophobia, domatophobia), as well as suicide attempts. The results of socio-psychological studies conducted in Russia, the USA, China and Japan were comprehended. The data of the Council on Tall Buildings and the Urban Environment, the World Health Organization and the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation (the rate of commissioning of the total area of residential buildings by number of storeys, the number of industrial accidents from falling from a height, as well as the number of injuries with uncertain intentions through falls, jumps or collisions from a height) were analyzed. Measures for the prevention of suicide by jumping from a height based on world practice were considered.
Keywords: urban sociology, housing sociology, high-rise apartment building, skyscraper, psychosocial well-being, accident, suicide, falling from height, jump from height
Annotation. An apartment building is often considered as a product of the urbanization of modern society and is the object of research in such special branches of sociological knowledge as urban sociology, sociology of architecture and housing sociology. The processes of urbanization today cover most developed and developing countries around the world, and the proportion of the urban population living in apartment buildings (including condominiums, apartments, etc.) is growing steadily every year. Of particular interest to housing sociology are the social prerequisites, patterns and trends in the development of multi-storey housing construction, which is the object of this study. The article presents a historical and sociological analysis of the evolution of the construction of multi-storey residential buildings from the era of ancient States to the modern stage. The theoretical basis of the research is both the works of the authors in the field of urban sociology, and one of the most significant publications in the existing special literature "General history of architecture" in 12 volumes. The empirical base of the research is data from the Federal state statistics service of the Russian Federation, as well as data from the Council on high-rise buildings and the urban environment, published on the electronic resource The Skyscraper Center. The study concluded that the process of urbanization, which is expressed in the development of construction of multi-storey residential buildings, began long before the modern stage of development of society - in the Ancient world. Social patterns (overpopulation of cities, development of capitalist relations, etc.) and modern trends (high-rise construction, "smart" houses, etc.) of the evolution of the construction of apartment buildings were identified.
Keywords: urban sociology, sociology of architecture, sociology of housing, urbanization, housing construction, housing inequality, home, profitable house, multi-storey residential building, apartment house
Annotation. Sociology of housing (sociology of dwelling, sociology of home) is a branch of sociology, the central category of which is housing. The article explores a theoretical reflection on the concepts of the house and home, habitation and dwelling. They were analyzed by scholars belonging to different scientific schools and paradigms: O. Comte, E. Durkheim, M. Mauss, M. Halbwachs, P. Bourdieu, H. Spencer, A.R. Radcliffe-Brown, B. Malinowski, Z. Bauman, A. Giddens, K. Marx, F. Tönnies, M. Weber, G. Simmel, W. Sombart, K. Mannheim, M. Horkheimer, Th. Adorno, A. Schütz, P. Berger, Th. Luckmann, N. Luhmann, N. Elias, T. Parsons, R. Merton, Th. Veblen, Ch.H. Cooley, P. Sorokin. The study reveals a wide variety of theoretical approaches to housing, however, the very interpretation of housing and the identification of its functional properties allow us to talk about a certain commonality of approaches of various authors. Based on the existing classifications of approaches to the study of housing, five main areas in the work of the classics of sociology were identified: family life in the home-group; privacy and security of home; housing luxury and inequality; dichotomy “home-work”; housing and architecture. The dual approaches to understanding the housing were analyzed allowing to distinguish between the subject areas of the sociology of architecture and housing sociology. The results of this study delineate the subject of housing sociology and trace its development as a separate industry along with the sociology of architecture and the urban sociology.
Keywords: sociology of housing, dwelling, habitation, house, home, home-group
Annotation. The article presents an analysis of sanitary and anti-epidemiological measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus infection (COVID-19) by organizations engaged in entrepreneurial management of condominiums in the Russian Federation. Statistical indicators of the distribution of COVID-19 (incidence and mortality) in Russia and in the world, the legal framework for ensuring a favorable and safe residence of tenants in condominiums and emerging trends in the housing and communal services market, actively covered in the Russian media, are examined. It is suggested that during the period of active struggle against the spread of coronavirus infection in Russia, one of the key roles will be played by the managing organizations, whose activities should also be aimed at maintaining the health of citizens and the well-being of the population as a whole in a pandemic.
Keywords: condominium, management organization, sanitary and anti-epidemiological measures, well-being of people, health of citizens, pandemic, quarantine, self-isolation, coronavirus, COVID-19
Annotation. A person spends a significant part of his time within the walls of his house, and the way he perceives his home, what function it performs for him, leaves an imprint on his life as a whole. This understanding becomes even more important in a pandemic (e.g. coronavirus). Despite the high degree of desacralization of the modern world, religious subtext continues to play a significant role in the perception of the surrounding reality. The article discusses the sociological aspects of studying housing in the religions that have the majority of followers around the world – Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism. Guided not by a substantial, but by a functional understanding of religion, parallels are drawn between the religious concepts of housing and sociological approaches to its study. As a result, applying the classification of E. Durkheim, it is concluded that in Christianity and Islam the physiological interpretation of the housing as a social fact prevails, while in Hinduism (Vastu Shastra teachings) and Buddhism (Tibetan geomancy Sa Che) it is morphological.
Keywords: housing sociology, sociology of religion, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, home, house
Annotation. With the development of the information society, video games for personal computers and consoles, as well as mobile games for smartphones and tablets over the past couple of decades have become a part of the life of most people. The degree of realism and the breadth of possibilities in individual game genres have reached a high level of technical performance. First of all, this of course applies to life simulators, the most famous and popular of which is The Sims game series – over 20 million copies have been sold in 20 years. Тo date, the games in the series are the object of research by Russian and foreign scientists and are devoted to the development of foreign language skills during the game, problems of social interactions and practices, the use of game tools to visualize architectural objects etc. The article presents the results of an empirical study of the social features of the simulation of the city, housing and neighborhood relations in the last three games of the series, carries out by content analysis of messages on the largest Russian forum dedicated to the Sims games series. The comparison of the features of the game simulation with real living conditions of people in suburban residential buildings and apartment building in a metropolis was carried out. The presence in the world of a game of real neighborly practices, social institutions, housing inequality and limitations of life in metropolis was revealed. The existence of isomorphism, the interpenetration of real housing practices and the virtual world of The Sims series was noted.
Keywords: housing sociology, dwelling, residential house, multi-apartment building, neighborhood, PC game, social simulation, life simulator, The Sims
Annotation. The purpose of the study is an attempt in the genre of a scientific pamphlet to give a sociological interpretation of individual processes and phenomena in the system of housing and communal services in Russia, using well-known social laws, hypotheses and theorems. Housing and communal services are rightfully considered the most controversial branch of the Russian economy and are in the process of constant reform, which explains the relevance of research in this area of various social sciences, including sociology. The methodological base of the study is the law of separation of functions and specialization, Thomas's theorem and its consequences, the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis of linguistic relativity, the law of elevation of needs, the Wilson-Kelling theory of broken windows, the law of intellectual development, Dunbar's number, the Rex-Moore concept of housing classes, etc. At the same time, at the present stage of housing research, it is seen that the sociological tools for the study of housing and communal problems in Russia are underestimated. The results of the study reflect the application of sociological tools to explain individual processes and phenomena in the field of management of apartment buildings in Russia. In the course of the research, the results of applying such method are analyzed. Guided by the methodological principle of Occam's razor, it was concluded that such a scientific approach to the study of the sphere of housing and communal services in the framework of housing sociology is quite practical. The prospect of the study is further sociological analysis using the presented tools at a deeper empirical level in order to verify the presented conclusions, clarify the results, and formulate new hypotheses.
Keywords: housing sociology; housing and communal services; condominium; management organization; social law; Thomas's theorem; Sapir–Whorf hypothesis; broken windows theory; housing class; Dunbar’s number
Annotation. Housing construction and improvement of housing conditions in the Novosibirsk region is one of the priority directions of the regional development, the center of which is the metropolis of Novosibirsk. The analysis of socio-economic changes in the morphology of the residential environment of the Novosibirsk region and Novosibirsk for 2005-2019 is presented. The results of different, interdisciplinary researches conducted by sociologists, economists and architects on various aspects of urban planning and housing policy are summarized. In the course of the research, the following main methods were applied: socio-economic and comparative methods, generalization, as well as methods of data collection and processing, analysis of regulatory materials, and the graphic method. A comparative dynamic analysis was performed for the time period mainly 2008-2018. The official data of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation, state housing programmes, analytical materials and various reports were used. As a result of the research, the features of housing construction and housing acquisition in the Novosibirsk real estate market were identified. Special attention was paid to the issues of high-rise development. Conclusions are made about significant improvement of housing conditions of the population and achievement of the goals of housing programmes in the region. There is a dissonance between the unavailability of high-quality housing in the city of Novosibirsk and increasing opportunities for citizens to buy cheap small-sized housing in less well-developed areas of the city, which does not allow to overcome the colour disorganization and make the structure of its living environment homogeneous. The obtained results can be used for further theoretical and empirical research in the field of real estate economics, housing sociology and urban sociology, as well as for improving the regional housing policy.
Keywords: residential environment, housing sector, housing construction, housing conditions, housing stock, housing market, housing affordability, Novosibirsk region, Novosibirsk city
Annotation. Housing privatization, which began in Russia in the early 1990s. after the collapse of the USSR, was the result of the transformation of the socio-economic system of housing and communal services during which housing classes were formed (owners of premises in apartment buildings, tenants of social housing and apartment tenants), as well as socio-economic and socio-legal institutions of shared property and the general meeting. The article proposes an approach to the analysis of new institutional structures of society, based on the concept of housing classes by J. Rex and R. Moore, the theory of social multitude by M. Hardt, A. Negri and P. Virno, models of common resource management by E. Ostrom and M. Olson, as well as the classification of the participation process by I. Skalaban. In the course of the study individual hypotheses and conclusions of the representative of the Novosibirsk economic-sociological school O.E. Bessonova, who studied the problems and prospects of privatization, were analyzed.
Keywords: housing privatization, housing classes, condominium, social institution, common property, general meeting
Annotation. The article examines the risks of living together (fires, household gas explosion, elevator fall etc.) in apartment buildings in large cities of Russia, their social prerequisites and consequences. The analysis is based on the concept of the communal property of the material and technological environment of the eastern countries, formulated by S. G. Kirdina. Using the method of analyzing secondary data and official documents, the author established a relationship between comfort and the risks of living together in an apartment building, as well as a correlation between the number of COVID-19 cases and the number of apartment buildings in the regions of Russia.
Keywords: sociology of housing, security of residence, risk, communality, apartment building, fire hazard, gas explosion, elevator fall, coronavirus, COVID-19
Annotation. The privatization of housing in Russia started almost 30 years ago and led to the emergence of a new social class — the owners of common property in apartment buildings who, through participation in general meetings, manage this property and make decisions about its use. The paper presents the findings revealed within a sociological survey concerning the outcomes of one of the main directions of the "Strategy for the Development of Housing and Communal Services in the Russian Federation for the Period until 2020", which is the formation of active and responsible owners of premises in apartment buildings. The survey was conducted online, and its sample consisted of 675 residents of Novosibirsk, recruited with the local river sampling technique. Basing on its results, the author concludes that the reform of housing and communal services in Russia has not yet been fully implemented. More than a third of owners never take part in general meetings because they do not see any reason in this process and/or do not allocate time for it. More than half of the apartment buildings have not elected a house council. The level of housing literacy is quite low among owners: they do not fully understand their rights and obligations, and do not realise common property as a subject of law. The correlation analysis shows that factors such as age, education, knowledge of housing legislation, acquaintance with neighbors and participation in public events, as well as the desire to have an apartment in a particular building and the presence of an elected building council affect the degree of owners’ activity in managing an apartment building through participation in general meetings. The study allows composing the profile of a responsible owner and the image of an apartment building where such owners live. In conclusion, the author formulates the recommendations for the housing policy and housing legislation of the Russian Federation aimed at increasing housing literacy.
Keywords: sociology of housing, housing and utilities, housing literacy, apartment building, owner of premises, general meeting, common property
Annotation. Feeling at home is an important aspect of a long stay in a temporary dwelling, which becomes the general ward of a round-the-clock hospital in a children's clinical hospital for women after an operative delivery (cesarean section) in Russia. However, the absence of this feeling in the conditions of a total institution contributes to an increase in anxiety and fears of mothers, leads to changes in the emotional sphere (which probably aggravates postpartum depression) and a desire to return home with their newborn child as soon as possible. The article analyzes the reasons and consequences of why a woman in a hospital (on the example of Novosibirsk) cannot feel at home despite the presence of certain factors that contribute to this. As a result of the study, a conclusion is drawn about the need to improve the comfort of women in Russian hospitals, organize psychological assistance and teach young mothers to take care of children.
Keywords: housing sociology, total institution, feel at home, mother woman, operative delivery, premature baby, round-the-clock hospital, postpartum depression
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